Hydrological processes


conceptual diagram of hydrological process


Surface water flows off the catchment into wetland pools and the estuary Evaporation from water bodies
Groundwater – surface water exchange (Winter, 1999) Precipitation
High tides, storm surges, floods and run-off events connect wetland pools to estuaries (Sheaves et al, 2006) Tides – including spring and neap
Crab burrows alter water flows (Ridd, 1996) Freshwater and marine water are mixed and exchanged in estuaries
Evapotranspiration from vegetation (Hughes et al, 1998)


  1. Connolly, R.M., Currie, D.R., Danaher, K.F., Dunning, M., Melzer, A., Platten, J.R., Shearer, D., Stratford, P.J., Teasdale, P.R., Vandergragt, M. 2006 Intertidal wetlands of Port Curtis, an industrialised coastal city in central Queensland, Australia: ecological patterns and processes and their implications, Technical Report 43: CRC for Coastal Zone Estuary and Waterway Management, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
  2. Hughes, C.E., Binning, P., Willgoose, G.R., 1998, Evapotranspiration Characterisation of the hydrology of an estuarine wetland, Journal of Hydrology, Volume 211, Number 1, pp. 34-49.
  3. Sheaves et al, 2006 [in press]
  4. Ridd, P.V. 1996, Flow through animal burrows in Mangrove creeks, Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, 43 (5): 617-625.
  5. Winter, T.C., 1999, Relation of streams, lakes, and wetlands to groundwater flow systems, Hydrogeology Journal, 7 (1): 28-45.