Sediment trapping and stabilisation


conceptual diagram of sediment trapping and stabilisation process

Suspended sediment Due to their filtering ability, water often tends to leave estuarine wetlands clearer, with less suspended sediment. However, large floods may temporarily reverse this situation (Wolanski, 1995; Furukawa et al, 1997)
Surface water flow from land brings suspended sediment into estuarine wetlands (Wolanski, 1995; Furukawa et al, 1997) Sediment from rivers and the sea is mixed in estuaries (Noble et al, 2005)
Intertidal vegetation creates eddies and slows down water flow (Furukawa et al, 1997) Tidal currents, waves and biological activity can ause sediment resuspension (Noble et al, 2005)
Surface water flow leaves the intertidal salt flat, salt marsh and mangrove zone after depositing some of its remaining sediment load (Wolanski, 1995; Furukawa, et al, 1997) Incoming tides bring suspended sediment into intertidal areas (Furukawa and Wolanski, 1996; Noble et al, 2005)
Slower flowing water deposits sediment (Furukawa et al, 1997) Outflowing tides with lower tidal energy carry a reduced amount of sediment to sub-tidal areas, partly due to sediment trapping by intertidal vegetation (Mazda, 1995; Furukawa and Wolanski, 1996; Noble et al, 2005)
Roots, rhizomes and algal mats bind and hold sediment (Wolanski, 1995; Miller et al, 1996; Butler and Jernakoff, 1999)


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